Skincare ingredients...explained

Salicylic Acid? Botanicals? AHA's & BHA's? we explain these common skincare terms

Salicylic Acid
: Salicylic acid is an exfoliant which helps normalise cell turnover by dissolving the type of skin debris that clogs pores and causes acne. Salicylic acid can directly dissolve the keratin plugs and regulate the skin cells. Therefore, it is highly effective at treating black blackheads and white heads! This ingredient can be found in many products, such as cleansers, exfoliants, serums and other leave on treatments.

Botanicals
Popular for their healing and soothing properties, botanicals are powerful plant extracts which come from flowers, herbs, nuts, seeds and berries.

AHA’s & BHA’s: These two types of acid are used for exfoliation and are both highly effective. AHA stands for Alpha Hydroxy Acid (e.g. glycolic and lactic acids) these are acids made from sugary fruits and help to exfoliate the surface of the skin to reveal smoother, new skin underneath. BHA stands for Beta Hydroxy Acid (e.g. Salicylic acid) unlike AHA’s these can get deep into pores and remove dead skin cells and excess oil.

Anti-oxidantsAnti-oxidants are vital when it comes to fighting free radicle damage. But what exactly is free radical damage? Well...free radicals are molecules in our environment that can cause damage to the skin, they come from things like pollution and chemicals. Antioxidants like vitamin C neutralize free radical damage and brighten the skin

UVA/UVB raysUV stands for Ultra Violet and many people do not realize that there are two different kinds of protection against sun damage to the skin. UVA rays penetrate deep into the skins thickest layer and cause skin ageing and wrinkles whilst UVB rays burn the skin and can cause skin cancers. Stay protected with a broad- spectrum sunscreen ( this protects against both UVA and UVB!).

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