Skincare ingredients...explained

Salicylic Acid? Botanicals? AHA's & BHA's? we explain these common skincare terms

Salicylic Acid:
Salicylic acid is an exfoliant which helps normalise cell turnover by dissolving the type of skin debris that clogs pores and causes acne. Salicylic acid can directly dissolve the keratin plugs and regulate the skin cells. Therefore, it is highly effective at treating black blackheads and white heads! This ingredient can be found in many products, such as cleansers, exfoliants, serums and other leave on treatments.

Botanicals:
Popular for their healing and soothing properties, botanicals are powerful plant extracts which come from flowers, herbs, nuts, seeds and berries.

AHA’s & BHA’s: These two types of acid are used for exfoliation and are both highly effective. AHA stands for Alpha Hydroxy Acid (e.g. glycolic and lactic acids) these are acids made from sugary fruits and help to exfoliate the surface of the skin to reveal smoother, new skin underneath. BHA stands for Beta Hydroxy Acid (e.g. Salicylic acid) unlike AHA’s these can get deep into pores and remove dead skin cells and excess oil.

Anti-oxidants: Anti-oxidants are vital when it comes to fighting free radicle damage. But what exactly is free radical damage? Well...free radicals are molecules in our environment that can cause damage to the skin, they come from things like pollution and chemicals. Antioxidants like vitamin C neutralize free radical damage and brighten the skin

UVA/UVB rays: UV stands for Ultra Violet and many people do not realize that there are two different kinds of protection against sun damage to the skin. UVA rays penetrate deep into the skins thickest layer and cause skin ageing and wrinkles whilst UVB rays burn the skin and can cause skin cancers. Stay protected with a broad- spectrum sunscreen ( this protects against both UVA and UVB!).

Vitamin C: Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that can neutralize free radicals, brighten the complexion and aid in the skins natural regeneration process. It can help to brighten and reduce post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (acne scarring).

Vitamin A: For breakout prone skins, vitamin A (or Retinol) helps to speed up cell turnover and bring imperfections up and out of the skin. Faster cell turnover means less build up of dead skin, resulting in unclogged pores and reduced acne scarring.

Exfoliating beads: Whilst exfoliating is crucial for skin health, we do not recommend using exfoliating beads for a number of reasons. Not only can microbeads damage your skins natural barrier and strip the skin of essential moisture (creating an oil producing vicious cycle), but they can also spread acne bacteria around the skin resulting in more breakouts. Clear Start have never and will never use Microbeads in any of their products due to the above reasons, as well as the adverse pollutive effects they have on marine life, posing an environmental hazard for aquatic animals in freshwater and ocean water.

Hylauronic Acid: Even Oily skins can become dehydrated, especially with the use of more traditional acne products which can strip the skin of moisture. Hylauronic acid can attract and bind 1000 times its own weight in water into the skin, making it a powerful rehydrating ingredient, giving the skin that healthy glow.

Kaolin Clay: Gently absorbs excess oils and unclogs pores without stripping away the skins natural barrier. It helps to detoxify the skin and prevent breakouts before they happen.

Sulphur: Absorbs excess oils and helps reduce sebum production. It is anti-inflammatory as well as antibacterial, reducing redness and acne causing bacteria.

TT Technology: Our Patented TT Technology combines Thymol and Terpineol with Phytoplankton extract to reduce breakout-causing bacteria whilst respecting the skins ‘good’ bacteria. This next generation technology works with the skins natural biome to prevent overdrying.

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